BEIJING, Sept. 27 (Xinhua) -- The Baltic Exchange has published its weekly report of the dry and tanker markets for September 18-22, 2023 as below:
The Pacific market started with a positive outlook, maintaining healthy cargo volumes driven by substantial coal shipments from east coast Australia to the Far East. Rates initially increased, but as the week progressed, a notable shift occurred. Owners began contemplating ballasting towards the Atlantic, creating additional pressure in the Pacific market. Despite the presence of all three major players mid-week, the Pacific market displayed signs of stability but later experienced a softening trend, which was partially attributed to a decline in the FFA market. Meanwhile, the Atlantic remained relatively quieter, with limited discussions and a shortage of prompt tonnage in the north Atlantic. south Brazil and West Africa to the Far East continued to be well supported, but rates for earlier dates softened and bid-offer spreads widened. Overall, the week saw fluctuating dynamics in both the Pacific and Atlantic markets, marked by shifts in sentiment and rates.
The week began positively in the Panamax sector, with both the Atlantic and Pacific basins well supported with good demand on all the major trades. However, as the week closed some of the gains appear to have been eroded somewhat. In the Atlantic, decent South America demand seen throughout, coupled with evidence of October arrival US Gulf stems, gave the market some impetus it had been lacking in recent weeks. However, ballast tonnage count now appears heavy, keeping a lid on rates as the weekend approached. Asia started with healthy demand ex NoPac and Australian mineral business, but like the Atlantic, the week appears to have tailed off a touch with wide bid/offer gaps appearing as a different opinion enveloped true market value. Period activity was evident, with several one-year deals concluded, including $16,250 concluded on a scrubber fitted 82,000dwt whilst $15,000 agreed on a standard 82,000dwt type delivery China’s Taiwan.
A strong week overall for the sector. Sustained demand was seen from the US Gulf for fronthaul trips to Asia. Whilst strong demand was once again seen from the Continent, Mediterranean regions helping to keep rates at good levels. Tight tonnage availability was an aspect in the south Atlantic, although some cautioned that fresh enquiry was limited for October as the week closed. The Asian arena similarly saw stronger numbers being achieved throughout the week as enquiry from Indonesia remained abundant. The North also saw better demand both from the NoPac and for backhaul steel requirements from China to the Continent. Period cover was still sought. A 63,000dwt open India fixing at $16,000 for 5 to 7 months trading, whilst another 63,000dwt open China fixed one year at around $14,000. In the Atlantic, a Supramax was heard fixed from the Baltic to WC India at $28,000. From Asia, a 63,000dwt open South Korea was fixed for a NoPac round with wood pellets at $16,000. A 63,000dwt open north China was fixed for a trip to the Continent at $12,750 for first 65 days and $16,000 for the balance. Further south, a 63,000dwt open south Vietnam fixed a trip via Indonesia redelivery south China at $20,500.
In a largely positive week across a majority of sectors in the handy market, gains were seen in both basins. The Continent and Mediterranean saw increased cargo availability and limited tonnage with a 34,000dwt fixing from the Immingham to the Mediterranean at $22,000. The Black Sea was also active, with a 28,000dwt fixing from Constanta to Morocco with an intended cargo of grains at $17,000 to a grain house. The south Atlantic has seen levels contract due to a lack of fresh enquiry and a 34,000dwt was fixed from Recalada to east coast India with an intended cargo of petcoke at $19,000. In the US Gulf, a 37,000dwt was fixed from Mobile to the Continent with an intended cargo of pellets at $14,500. Activity was said to have been limited in Asia, but a 37,000dwt was linked to fixing from CJK to Southeast Asia in the $9,000s. A 35,000dwt was fixed from San Francisco to intention China at about $14,000.
The BCTI finished the week at 869, up from 849 the previous week.
Rates for MRs in the US have flattened out slightly following the steady falls experienced since September. TC14: 38k US Gulf / UK-Continent finished the week unchanged at WS87.08. TC18: the MR US Gulf / Brazil came off more gradually from WS177.08 to end the week at WS170 (-WS7.08). TC21: MR US Gulf / Caribbean fared better increasing and peaking at $535,833 (+$19,166).
On the UK-Continent, MRs freight levels have been steadily increasing with TC2: 37k UK-Continent / US Atlantic Coast finishing the week at WS192.25, (+WS13.75). TC19: 37k Amsterdam to Lagos, followed suit and finished at WS201.88 (+WS13.13).
The recent September gains on the LR1's of TC16 60k Amsterdam / Offshore Lomé flatted out over the course of the week finishing at WS165.63 (-WS2.5).
West of Suez, on the LR2's, TC15: 80k Mediterranean / Japan, continued to remain steady ending the week at $2,945,833, a small gain of $33,333 from the week before.
In the Middle East Gulf freight rates for LR’s have softened with TC1: 75k Middle East Gulf / Japan, falling from WS141.11 to finish the week at WS135.28 (+WS5.83) a round trip TCE of $26,326/day. This has had a knock-on effect on MRs with TC17: 35kt Middle East Gulf / East Africa, showing losses resulting in a decrease of WS26.42 points to WS264.29 a round trip TCE of $29,974/day.
LR1's have also seen a similar losses over the last week with TC5: 55k Middle East Gulf / Japan, steadily decreasing WS7.19 to WS162.19. TC8: Middle East Gulf / UK Continent, again rates softened slightly throughout the week finishing at $51.70/mt (a lumpsum equivalent of $3.36 million).
The market saw a turnaround in rates across the board, which started in earnest midweek. The rate for 270,000 mt Middle East Gulf to China climbed 12 points to WS49.88 corresponding to a daily round-trip TCE of $21,852 basis the Baltic Exchange’s vessel description. The 280,000 mt Middle East Gulf to US Gulf trip (via the Cape/Cape routing) was assessed 3.5 points higher at WS26.89.
For the Atlantic market, the 260,000 mt West Africa/China rate rose eight points to WS51.65, which shows a round voyage TCE of $25,192/day. The rate for 270,000 mt US Gulf/China climbed $883,333 to $8,094,444 ($27,843/day round trip TCE).
Suezmaxes in West Africa continue to struggle, with the rate for the 130,000 mt Nigeria/Rotterdam trip losing another 11 points to WS66.82 (a daily round-trip TCE of $11,949). In the Mediterranean and Black Sea region, the 135,000 mt CPC/Med route was held again at the WS72.5-73 level (showing a daily TCE of $7,566 round-trip). In the Middle East, the rate for 140,000 mt Basrah/Lavera increased by two points to WS61.61.
In the North Sea, the rate for the 80,000 mt Hound Point/Wilhelmshaven route slipped back four points to the WS90 region (showing a negative round-trip daily TCE of about -$2,800). In the Mediterranean market, the rate for 80,000 mt Ceyhan/Lavera showed signs of a recovery, climbing 24 points by the end of Thursday to WS108.61 (a daily round trip TCE of $16,800), and the climb will likely continue with overnight reports of WS112.5 being on subjects for a TD19 trip.
Across the Atlantic, in the Stateside Aframax market, a different story unfolds with the rate for 70,000 mt east coast Mexico/US Gulf losing 11 points to WS80 (which shows a negative TCE of -$3,300/day round trip) and for 70,000 mt Covenas/US Gulf the market rate was reduced 10 points to WS90.71 (a round-trip negative TCE of -$377/day). The rate for the trans-Atlantic route of 70,000 mt US Gulf/Rotterdam shed another 10 points this week to settle at WS90 (a round trip TCE of $7,045/day).
In Australia, Chevron has accepted the FWC’s offer to end the LNG strike and Freeport LNG has restarted after some unplanned outage with feed gas to the facility, while Japan reported that their monthly LNG imports has continued to decline by around 9.6% year on year. A mixed bag of news for LNG but on the freight side increased cargo requirement has meant that rates are again slightly bolstered as we continue the steady steam towards winter.
BLNG1g Aus-Japan rose slowly, gaining a few thousand to close at $192,523. There are reports of fixtures happening but with caveated availability or delivery windows, these have not pushed rates too much. The Atlantic market move in a similar fashion, BLNG2g US-UKCont rose by $13,473 to close at $196,442 while US-Japan BLNG3g saw the lowest gains of all three and closed at $224,834. All three routes with positive endings and sentiment in market high, the upcoming winter is expected to be quite fruitful for owners and brokers alike.
It was quite a week for LPG. Across the board of the previous highest 22 index publishing rates since 2004 12 of these have fallen in September of this year alone. The rates have risen quite a lot this week, as well with BLPG1 Ras Tanura-Chiba rising $25 to finish at $183.286 the highest recorded rate on the Baltic Index. This gives a daily TCE Earning of $175,838: a rise of $28,267, which was again the highest TCE earning that the Baltic has published since we began doing TCE. A busy market, especially ex-India where owners have almost picked rates out of the air and still have been fixed, coupled with a tighter tonnage list, has kept momentum up and the fixing window is now way out to when ships who are theoretically in the fixing window still have quite murky itineraries, which have the potential to cause some headaches down the line.
The US has copied a similar feat as the Middle East. The Baltic has published $249.714 for Houston-Chiba (a daily TCE equivalent of $154,213), a rise of $27.285 on the week but the highest recorded price ever on this run. September has been bullish throughout, but this final push up is a rise of nearly $50 over the month. Owners are capitalising on plenty of cargoes, along with huge delays in the Panama, resulted in continued product being pumped and cargoes chasing ships, suggesting that this bull run has not quite ran out of steam yet. BLPG2 Houston-Flushing has also risen, although liquidity remains less on this route. Rates gained $11.6 to finish at $135.2, giving a daily TCE earning of $162,421.
Headquartered in London and a subsidiary of the Singapore Exchange (SGX), the Baltic Exchange publishes a range of indices and assessments which provide an accurate and independent benchmark of the cost of transporting commodities and goods by sea. These include the Baltic Dry Index (BDI), the dry bulk shipping industry's best known indicator. Published daily since 1985, this provides a snapshot of the daily spot market earnings of capesize, panamax and supramax vessel types on the world's key trading routes.
Chart shows Baltic Dry Index (BDI) during Sept.22, 2022 to Sept.22, 2023
Baltic Forward Assessment for BDI
In March 2018 the BDI was re-weighted and is published using the following ratios of time charter assessments: 40 percent capesize, 30 percent panamax and 30 percent supramax. The information is provided by a panel of international shipbrokers.
(Source: The Baltic Exchange, edited by Niu Huizhe with Xinhua Silk Road, firstname.lastname@example.org)