1. Geographical Location
In October 2015, the State Council officially approved the merger between Zhabei District and Jing’an District for the consolidation of the new Jing’an District. With a permanent population of 1.07 million and an area of 37 square kilometers, Jing’an District has jurisdiction over 13 sub-districts, one town and 276 neighborhood (village) committees. Named after the ancient Jing’an Temple in the region, “Jing’an” is located in downtown Shanghai and adjacent to the city’s six districts. With long history, good environment, developed business, innovative vitality, an d convenient transportation and communication, Jing’an serves as a major window for the rest of the world to know Shanghai.
2. Administrative Divisions
The jurisdiction of the People’s Government of Jing’an District includes 13 sub-districts and one town, namely Jing’an Temple Sub-district, Caojiadu Sub-district, Jiangning Road Sub-district, Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district, West Nanjing Road Sub-district, West Tianmu Road Sub-district, Beizhan Sub-district, Baoshan Road Sub-district, West Zhijiang Road Sub-district, Gonghexin Road Sub-district, Daning Road Sub-district, Pengpu Xincun Sub-district, Linfen Road Sub-district, and Pengpu Town. There are 276 residential committees in total in the district.
(1) Jing’an Temple Sub-district
Located southwest of Jing’an District, Jing’an Temple District stretches from Fumin Road and Changde Road in the east to Zhenning Road in the west, and from Changle Road in the south to Wanhangdu Road and Xinzha Road in the north. The total area is 1.57 square kilometers. With dense buildings, convenient transportation and talents clusters, the sub-district is famous across the municipality. There are many historical and cultural sites in the region, including the ancient Jing’an Temple and the Paramount which is dubbed the “first ballroom in the Far East.” Historical figures once lived here such as Cai Yuanpei, Eileen Chang and Zhou Xinfang. And today’s demographics reveal a high education level and a residential popularity with intellectuals, celebrities, and returned overseas Chinese and their relatives. In terms of public facilities of healthcare, culture and education, there are Huashan Hospital, Huadong Hospital, the Cultural Hall, Shixi Middle School and so on. Jing’an Temple Sub-district has been awarded with many national or municipal honorary titles for its exemplary role in fostering civilization, community harmony, community education, culture and urban sports, as well as dealing with affairs concerning overseas Chinese. Currently, there are ten municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 12 district-level ones.
(2) Caojiadu Sub-district
Caojiadu Sub-district stretches from Jiaozhou Road in the east to Changning Road and Jiangsu Road in the west, and from West Wuding Road and Xinzha Road in the south to Changshou Road and Anyuan Road in the north, covering a total area of 1.5 square kilometers. At the intersection of Changning, Putuo and Jing’an, Caojiadu is very geologically prominent in the west of Shanghai. South Wuning Road serves as an important channel connecting the downtown area and the regions in the middle part of the city and beyond. In recent years, Caojiadu has seen obvious improvement in urban environment and citizens’ civilized behaviors, in the wake of continuous community building and social progress. A major residential base in the downtown, Caojiadu is the seat of many high-end living quarters, with Hitech Plaza and Yueda Commerce Building as iconic frontiers of smart office buildings. Over the years, Caojiadu has already become an award-winning sub-district with a long list of national honors in community education, public reading, mass sports and learning families, as well as municipal honors in civilization, learning community, food safety, public security, healthy community and senior care. Currently, there are nine municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 32 district-level ones in Caojiadu.
(3) Jiangning Road Sub-district
North of Jing’an District, Jiangning Road Sub-district stretches from Taixing Road and West Suzhouhe Road in the east to Jiaozhou Road in the west, and from West Beijing Road in the south to Anyuan Road in the north, covering an area of 1.84 square kilometers. It is the seat of the People’s Government of Jing’an District. The sub-district is well equipped with social facilities. Shanghai Culture Commercial Building, Children’s Hospital of Shanghai, and Shanghai Stomatological Hospital are all based here, as well as Jing’an District center hospital, library, sports center and workers’ club. Adjacent to Putuo District, Anyuan Road is close to the Jade Buddha Temple, serving as an important passage in Buddhism tourism. The area of green space within the sub-district is up to 170,000 square kilometers, including 10,000 square meters of the sample section of West Suzhouhe and 3,000 square meters of Changping Road, both Class A green spaces. The sub-district has been rated as a civilized community of Shanghai. Currently, there are seven municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 19 district-level ones in the sub-district.
(4) Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district
Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district stretches from North Chengdu Road in the east to Jiangning Road, Wuding Road and Taixing Road in the west, and from the bustling West Nanjing Road in the south to South Suzhou Road in the north, covering an area of 1.09 square kilometers. In history, the regions of today’s Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district were architecturally dominated by the traditional style Shikumen, with a small proportion of garden residences and new-style lanes and alleys. The sub-district enjoys convenient transportation and business prosperity with a high density of brand shops and cultural resources. It is the seat of some municipal authorities, tourist attractions, brand shops and large groups, such as Shanghai Natural History Museum, Shanghai Political Consultative Conference, Shanghai Xian Dai Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd., and Westgate Mall. As a part of the traditional urban area, Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district is also a place of many historical buildings and sites. The particularly famous ones among those sites include St. Theresa Catholic Church, the Jewish Club, the site of the CPC Songpu Special Committee, the former residence of peasant movement leader Peng Pai, and the site of Secretariat of China Labor Association. In the wake of accelerated reconstruction, Shimen Road Number Two Sub-district has seen many new constructions in recent years such as Jing’an Sculpture Park, Butterfly Bay, and the Community Center for Cultural Activities. Those cultural and service facilities provide citizens with large space of recreation and exercise, further deepening the neighborly relations among citizens.
(5) West Nanjing Road Sub-district
Southeast of Jing’an District and at the downtown area of Shanghai, West Nanjing Road Sub-district stretches from South Shaanxi Road and North Chengdu Road in the east to Fumin Road and Changde Road in the west, and stretches to Changle Road and Middle Yan’an Road in the south. It is one of the protection areas of early-modern architectures in Shanghai and also one of the first batch of sub-districts rated as civilized communities in the city. Within the sub-district, there are many municipal authorities such as the municipal cultural bureau, the municipal committee of the Communist Youth League, the municipal farm bureau and the municipal office of overseas Chinese affairs, news media like Shanghai Television, Shanghai Film & TV Technology Center, Wenhui Daily and Xinmin Evening News, early-modern architectures like the Hardoon Garden (today’s Shanghai Exhibition Center), and revolutionary sites such as the former residence of Mao Zedong in Weihai Road, the site of the CPC’s Second National Congress, and the site of the Shanghai office of the Eighth Route Army. The sub-district is well-known for commercial prosperity. Around the neighborhood of Nanjing Road, there are a large number of brand stores and century-old shops, as well as modern commercial buildings such as Westgate Mall, CITIC Square and Plaza 66. With many famous brands, the historical and cultural roads North Shaanxi Road, Wujiang Road and Qinghai Road are almost always crowded with domestic and foreign tourists. In particular, Shanghai Center, Shanghai Exhibition Center and Kerry Center together constitute a high-end business center. West Nanjing Road Sub-district has become an important showcase of high-end business district in Jing’an District.
(6) West Tianmu Road Sub-district
West Tianmu Road Sub-district stretches from North-South Elevated Road, Datong Road and Pushan Road in the east, and borders Putuo District along the Suzhou River in the southwest and North Zhongshan Road in the north, covering an area of 1.94 square kilometers. The sub-district is naturally divided into the northern and southern parts by a railway which goes through it. The southern part is dominated by newly-built commercial buildings, while the northern part by old residential blocks. There are two municipal transport hubs namely Shanghai Railway Station and Shanghai Intercity Bus Terminal, and more than 50 business buildings including old buildings for self-employed traders like the Buyecheng mobile phone market. The sub-district is a certificated municipal civilized community. Currently, there are six municipal-level civilized residential blocks and nine district-level ones in the sub-district.
(7) Beizhan Sub-district
Beizhan Sub-district is located within the cultural and recreational business belt area along the Suzhou River—one of the belts in the “One Axis and Three Belts” strategic layout of Jing’an District. The sub-district borders North Henan Road and Luofu Road in the east, North-South Elevated Road and West Tianmu Road Sub-district in the west, the Suzhou River in the south, and West Zhijiang Road Sub-district and Baoshan Road Sub-district in the north with a railway as the boundary. The total area is 1.99 square kilometers (including waters). Situated within the core area of the Suhewan region, the Beizhan Sub-district enjoys convenient transport. And local business landmarks include Joy City and Qipu Road Clothing Wholesale Market. With a long history and profound accumulation, the Beizhan region is a place of many historical sites such as the site of Shanghai General Chamber of Commerce, the former residence of Wu Changshuo, the site of the International Mixed Court, and the Memorial Hall of the Central Authorities after the Third National Congress of the CPC. In the 1920s and the 1930s, the regions of today’s Beizhan Sub-district were even dubbed the Shanghai version of the “Along the River During the Qingming Festival” painting. The newly-built Sihang Warehouse War Memorial Hall and Jinyuan Memorial Plaza have become bases of patriotic education. Currently, there are seven municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 18 district-level ones in the sub-district.
(8) Baoshan Road Sub-district
In the middle of Jing’an District, Baoshan Road Sub-district borders East Baoxing Road and Hongkou District in the east and North Zhongshan Road in the north, and stretches to North Xizang Road in the west and the Shanghai Metro Line 3 in the south. Within the inner zone and with Suhe River in the south and Daning to the north, Baoshan Road Sub-district is located at the intersection of the cultural and recreational business belt area along the Suzhou River and the city-industry integration area on the both sides of the Middle Ring Road. The total area is 1.62 square kilometers. Within the sub-district, there are rich resources of education and health care, including 12 kindergartens and primary and middle schools, and four medical institutions including Shanghai Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Hongci Children’s Hospital. Dubbed the “red Baoshan,” the sub-district is home to 12 revolutionary sites including the former residence of Deng Zhongxia and the sites of the Commercial Press, the Oriental Library, Huzhou Provincial Guild, and Sanzengli. In recent years, the gradual construction of a batch of high-end commercial residential buildings has made Baoshan Road Sub-district a new community of quality, harmony and livability. Currently, there are 13 municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 34 district-level ones in the sub-district.
(9) West Zhijiang Road Sub-district
In the middle and south of Jing’an District, West Zhijiang Road Sub-district borders Baoshan Road Sub-district with North Xizang Road in the east, West Tianmu Road Sub-district with Datong Road and Pushan Road in the west, and Gonghexin Road Sub-district with North Zhongshan Road in the north, and stretches to railways in the south. The total area is 1.64 square kilometers. Formerly known as Fenghuo Sub-district, it was renamed as current name in 1987. In November 1996, the sub-district expanded after the merger with the former Qiujiang Road Sub-district. It is a traditional urban area which is evolving, developing and progressing. Within the sub-district, there are developed facilities which support communities. Business landmarks include the Prince Department Store (former Xinxin Department Store) in Zhonghuaxin Road and the Mayflower Life Plaza in West Zhijiang Road. The “one-stop” shopping experience has enlivened the commercial atmosphere across the sub-district. Based here are schools including Jing’an Education College, Shibei Senior high School Affiliated to Shanghai University, Shanghai Yangbo Middle School and Shibei Junior High School, as well as sports and cultural sites like Jing’an District Fitness Center and Youth Center. The sub-district has been awarded for its exemplary role in fostering a learning atmosphere among families, as well as community education and civilization.
(10) Gonghexin Road Sub-district
Gonghexin Road District stretches from North Zhongshan Road in the south to Yanchang Road and Laohutai Road in the north, and borders Hongkou District with West Baoxing Road and North Baoxing Road in the east, and Putuo District with Hutai Road in the west. Going through from south to north, Gonghexin Road separates the sub-district into two parts. The sub-district covers a total area of about 2.72 square kilometers. The sub-district features the commerce and culture of tea. Zhabei Park and Songyuan Tea House are sites of traditional tea culture, while Daning International Tea City and Difute International Tea Culture Square are modern and fashionable. An influential brand of tea culture has been established. The sub-district is honored as a civilized community, the first community in Shanghai with “zero illegal multiple dwelling,” and the hometown of traditional folk arts in Shanghai.
(11) Daning Road Sub-district
Located in the middle and north of Jing’an District, Daning Road Sub-district covers an area of 6.24 square kilometers. The sub-district is characteristic in the following aspects: First, the strategic location of the city-industry integration belt on the both sides of the Middle Ring Road is prominent. Under the district layout of “One Axis and Three Belts,” Daning is situated within the city-industry integration belt around the Middle Ring Road, together with the northern regions of the city. The sub-district itself features a distinctive layout of the “dual drive,” namely the eastern drive of the cluster of cultural and creative industries around Shanghai University and the western drive of the business centers with Life Hub and Jiuguang Department Store as representatives. The overall objective is to continuously drive the interactive development among industrial parks, commercial blocks, university campuses and residential communities, and to set a livable and business-friendly example in Shanghai. Second, the resources of joint development are rich. With a considerable number of hospitals, universities, commercial blocks, military camps and industrial parks, the sub-district is well established as a new community with integrated functions such as residence, commerce, business and cultural recreation. Third, there is demand diversity among residents. The regions south of Gonghexin and Guangzhong roads are dominated by old neighborhoods, while those north of the roads are built with a batch of new residential developments. Community management and services are diversified.
(12) Pengpu Xincun Sub-district
Northwest of Jing’an District, Pengpu Xincun Sub-district stretches from Lingnan Road in the east to Dongjiaojing River in the west, and from Middle Linchang Road and Zoumatang River in the south to Gongkang Road and a corridor of high voltage electricity in the north. Bordering Baoshan District in the north and west, the sub-district covers an area of 3.81 square kilometers. Named after the mother river Pengyuepu River, the sub-district is a super-size residential zone mainly inhabited by the wage-earning class. The construction of the sub-district was started in the 1950s and generally completed in the 1990s, and the 1970s and the 1980s saw a period of great development. Within the sub-district, there are centers for community cultural activities, comprehensive senior care, volunteer services, comprehensive dealing of matters, grid management, and the Party construction services, as well as 29 educational institutions, eight nursing homes, two hospitals and one community health service center. Currently, there are 17 municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 23 district-level ones in the sub-district.
(13) Linfen Road Sub-district
The northernmost part of Jing’an District, Linfen Road Sub-district borders Hongkou District in the east, Pengpu Xincun Sub-district in the west, Daning Road Sub-district in the south, and Baoshan District in the north. Covering an area of 2.12 square kilometers, it is a pure immigrant-type residential zone.
The decades of relentless exploration and innovation have made the sub-district a happy home for industrious people and a showcase of the city’s achievements in grassroots Party construction and community improvements. The sub-district has been awarded more than 100 national and municipal honorary titles including those in political education, grassroots Party organization, civilization, community culture, community security, community harmony, grassroots construction of the Women’s Federation, and the contribution to the Expo 2010. Many former and incumbent leaders of the central government and the CPC have visited the sub-district including Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Yu Zhengsheng, Li Changchun, Liu Yunshan and Qiao Shi.
(14) Pengpu Town
North of Jing’an District, Pengpu Town stretches from Wanrong Road in the east to Hutai Road in the west, and from Laohutai Road in the south to Changzhong Road in the north, covering an area of 7.88 square kilometers. Over the history of development, Pengpu has set four precedents: one of the first towns in China with an output value of RMB 100 million, the first place in Shanghai to implement the early retirement system for farmers and to realize a 100% hukou transition of rural residents to urban residents, and one of the first batch of the country’s “folk art hometowns.” Pengpu boasts a profound accumulation of folk cultures, especially in photography. For four years in a row, Pengpu has been titled a “hometown of folk culture (photography)” in China by the Ministry of Culture. Rich in cultural resources, the town is the seat of Daning Lingshi Park which is the largest park in the urban regions west of the Huangpu River, the centuries-old Baohua Temple, and 15 educational institutions including Shanghai Xinzhong Senior High School. In recent years, the town has made coordinated social and economic progresses with active market players. And a cluster of national parks have been established including Shanghai Multimedia Valley and Pengpu Industrial Park of the National Public Inspection and Testing Service Platform Demonstration Area. The town has been awarded many honorary titles for its exemplary role in community civilization and security, as well as fostering a learning atmosphere among residents and bolstering civilian support for the army and the government. Currently, there are 18 municipal-level civilized residential blocks and 29 district-level ones in the sub-district.