BEIJING, July 10 (Xinhua) -- Hangzhou city, capital of east China’s Zhejiang province, has identified a new development path to strengthen large site protection.
The Liangzhu relic site, Neolithic ruins in Zhejiang Province, was inscribed on the World Heritage List on July 6 at the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) held in Azerbaijan's capital Baku.
Located in Yuhang district of Hangzhou, the Liangzhu relic site is hailed as the most typical and concentrated example of Liangzhu culture and provides the most complete and important archaeological evidence for the 5,000-year-old Chinese civilization.
Over the past years, Hangzhou has actively advanced the comprehensive protection project of Liangzhu relic site, stepped up the construction of the National Park of Liangzhu Culture and explored a new large ruins protection path that combines management and governance, people and nature, as well as history and modernity.
The city made determined efforts to shut down 31 quarries around the heritage site from 2000 to 2002, encourage the preservation of local original appearance and independent relocation of local residents, and cultivate and develop zero-pollution industries through heritage protection, especially cultural, creativity, planning and design industries, so as to achieve the mutual reinforcement and harmonious coexistence between industrial development and environmental protection.
Besides, Hangzhou has promulgated a series of laws and regulations in an effort to provide legal protection and scientific basis for the declaration of this heritage site.
Furthermore, Hangzhou has taken the lead in China in establishing a compensation mechanism for large ruins protection. Hangzhou city and Yuhang district budget over 10 million yuan per year to compensate farmers, village collectives, enterprises and institutions that have suffered losses due to the protection of cultural relics.
Meanwhile, Yuhang district budgets a special fund for research topics every year and has invited well-known experts at home and abroad to participate in academic research and protection practice consultation activities. At present, many research achievements on the Liangzhu relic site have published on a number of prestigious academic journals, which provided solid basis for a crystallization of the value of Liangzhu relic site.
Zhang Zhenfeng, the top leader of Yuhang district, noted that Yuhang district will further explore the historical value of Liangzhu culture and the profound connotations of Liangzhu civilization, continue to study the display of Liangzhu relic site, further improve the level of cultural heritage protection and coordinate the cultural relics protection and economic and social development, as well as step up the development of rural tourism and cultural industries related to Liangzhu relic site in a bid to ameliorate rural living environment. (Edited by Yang Yifan, [email protected])