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Green and Ecological Agriculture
November 21, 2018
Abstract : Jiangxi has been known as a breadbasket and plays an important role in national agriculture, it one of the two domestic provinces which contribute commodity grain to national grain reserve for consecutive years since the founding of the PRC.
Jiangxi has been known as a breadbasket and plays an important role in national agriculture, it one of the two domestic provinces which contribute commodity grain to national grain reserve for consecutive years since the founding of the PRC. Jiangxi boasts abundant agricultural resources and premium ecology and the local agriculture and rural economy have been maintaining a steady, positive and efficient development momentum. It has by now witnessed for 14 consecutive years good harvest of main agricultural produces like grains and rapid growth in average disposable income of rural residents. In 2017, the gross output value of farming, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery totaled CNY 318.76 billion, up by 4.4%; average disposable income of rural residents amounted to CNY 13,242, up by 9.1% year on year. The yield of meat, vegetables, fruits, tea-leaves, aquatic products amounted to 3.6 million tons, 16.5 million tons, 4.56 million tons, 57,000 tons and 2.814 million tons respectively, south Jiangxi and Nanfeng are listed among the domestic origin regions of featured agricultural produce for naval oranges and honey oranges respectively. There are in Jiangxi 4,712 species of pollution-free, green and organic agricultural produces qualified as geographical indications, 44 state-level standardized green food material production bases covering a land area of 8.536 million mu(or 569,067 hectares), 11 state-level safe and reliable produce cities or counties, 25 province-level green and organic produce demonstration counties and 98.6% major agricultural produces are recognized eligible during casual inspections, higher than the national average. Jiangxi is the only Green and Organic Produce Demonstration Base Pilot Province in China. The technological application competence have been improved and the contribution rate of technologies to agricultural progress came out as 58.8%, comprehensive machinery utilization rate in overall cultivation workload of major agricultural produce is 71.15% and the coverage rate of improved varieties over 95%. There are 865 province-level or above leading agricultural enterprises, 40 of which are state-level leading enterprises with an overall sales revenue of CNY 351 billion. There are 4,810 various above-scale recreation enterprises, the recreational agriculture contributing a comprehensive revenue of CNY 26 billion. There are 11 state-level modern agriculture demonstration zones, 66 province-level modern agriculture demonstration zones and 159 province-level modern agriculture demonstration parks; to vigorously implement “internet+agriculture” initiative and the “123+N” Jiangxi smart agriculture program and application of information technology is increasingly widely involved in agriculture.
II. Development Goals
By 2020, obvious progress would be achieved in agricultural modernization. The total yield of cereals would amount to 21 million tons and that of meat, vegetables, fruits and aquatic products would amount to 3.75 million tons, 26 million tons, 8 million tons and 3.26 million tons respectively, the supply of poultry and eggs, milk and tea-leaves would be effectively guaranteed; the contribution rate of technologies to agricultural progress increased to over 60% and much more information technology is applied in agriculture; the machinery involvement in agriculture is getting much more mature and the comprehensive machinery application ratio in paddy rice cultivation and harvest would come to over 80% while the equipment used are dramatically improved; there would be 6,000 above-scale enterprises and above-scale livestock farms (annual sales above 500 heads) would account for 75% of the total and above-scale poultry farms (annual sales above 10,000 heads) would account for 70% of the total, the space occupied by aquafarms would account for 27.4% of the total, so there would be more reasonable industrial structure and a well-established modern agriculture industrial network.
III. Industrial Distribution
(1) Crop production
Firstly, to build the Poyang Lake cereal growing area, Ganfu Plain cereal growing area, Jitai Basin cereal growing area and the west Jiangxi high-yield cereal growing district, the 3 areas and one district as core paddy rice production bases would cover 62 counties (cities, districts) across Jiangxi. Secondly, to build the one area and two corridors as main oilseed rape production bases, i.e. the high-yield oilseed rape growing area in north Jiangxi, the oilseed rape production corridor along the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and one along the Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway. Thirdly, to focus on development of Nanchang Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Leping Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Shangrao Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Jiujiang Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Pingxiang-Yichun Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Yingtan-Fuzhou Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Ganzhou Dominant Vegetable Growing Area, Yongfeng Dominant Vegetable Growing Area and 5 featured vegetable growing areas(for white lotus, mushrooms, yam, aquatic vegetables, watermelon and sweet melon respectively). Fourthly, to build up the dominant orange species growing areas including those featuring naval oranges, honey oranges and sweet pomelos, step up the development of jargonel growing areas, kiwi fruit growing areas, grape growing areas and other featured growing areas, to concentrate on fostering pitaya and other new-type featured fruit growing demonstration bases. Fifth, work hard to develop the three major tea-leaf growing areas in northeast Jiangxi, northwest Jiangxi and south of central Jiangxi. Sixth, to focus on development of the core cotton growing area in north Jiangxi, most of which in Pengze County, Jiujiang, Duchang County, Yongxiu County, Hukou County, De'an County, Lushan District, Gao'an, Poyang County and Ruichang. Seventh, to focus on development flower industry mainly including the gardening plants, lawns and ground cover plants along central cities and the potted plants and parterre lawns in suburbs, neighboring counties and towns. Eighth, to focus on development of the 4 major growing areas in Fuzhou, Ji'an, Ji'an and Yichun, each covering 66.67 km², as well as the growing areas in Jinxi, Linchuan, Guangchang, Yihuang, Xin'gan, Taihe, Hukou, Xiushui, Wu'ning, Zhangshu, Dexing, Xinfeng, Shanggao, Fengcheng, Yushui, etc., each covering 6.67 km².
To maintain steady growth of major hog production counties (cities, districts) in central Jiangxi and along the Beijing-Kowloon Railway and Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway; to focus on development of the dominant production areas of premium chicken, i.e. silkie of Taihe County, yellow chicken of Ningdu County and Ma Chicken of Chongren County, as well as the dominant aquatic food production areas along rivers and lakes; to concentrate on development of the 15 beef production areas in Gao’an, Fengcheng, Zhangshu, Yuanzhou, Yushui, Ji’an, Anfu, Yongxin, Taihe, Yongfeng, Wan’an, Jishui, Xinfeng, Ruijin, Ganxian, most of which are located in Yichun and Ji’an premium beef production base; to focus on development of dairy industry centered on dairy processors in Nanchang County, Xinjian District, Jinxian County, Yudu County, Jizhou District, Dongxiang County, Luxi County and Fengxin County and the quality milk bases in central and south Jiangxi; to develop the mutton industry in 10 key production counties (cities, districts) including Xiushui, Wu’ning, Ruichang, Shangli, Xiangdong, Luxi, Yifeng, Wanzai, Tonggu, Guangfeng, etc.; to develop the honey industry in 15 key production counties (cities, districts) including Leping, Linchuan, Yujiang, Shangrao, Yushan, Wuyuan, Wu’ning, Gao’an, Zhangshu, Fengcheng, Yifeng, Tonggu, Suichuan, Shicheng, Ruijin, etc.; to promote the development of fodder industry in Nanchang and Ganzhou with the opportunities of Nanchang-Jiujiang Integration, working to build a number of fodder industrial clusters with the coordinated development of east and west Jiangxi.
To prioritize the breeding and industrial development of black carps, grass carps, silver carps, bighead carps, carps, golden carps, breams and other staple freshwater fishes, mainly in Poyang, Yugan, Nanchang, Jinxian, Duchang, Yongxiu, Fengcheng and other cities and counties in the Poyang Lake Rim; to develop the giant salamander breeding industry mainly in Wuyuan, Sanqingshan, Jinggangshan, Anfu, Jing’an, etc.; to develop the paa spinosa breeding industry mainly in Yuanzhou, Tonggu, Jing’an, Fengxin, Longhushan, etc.; to develop the sturgeon breeding industry mainly in Longnan, Yiyang, Wu’ning and Nanchang and mullet breeding industry mainly in Yongfeng County; to develop featured shrimp and crab breeding industry mainly in Jinxian, Poyang, Yugan, Jiujiang, Duchang, Nanchang, Fengcheng, Ruichang, Xingzi, Xinjian, etc.; to develop the featured eel breeding industry mainly in Lichuan, Zixi, Yushan, Guangfeng, Ruijin, Shicheng, etc.; to develop the featured tortuise and turtle breeding industry mainly in Nanfeng, Lichuan, Yiyang, Fengcheng, Jinxian, Yugan, etc.; to develop the pearl and pearl nucleus breeding industry mainly in Duchang and Wannian; to develop the featured mandarin fish, snakehead, culter breeding industry mainly in Poyang Lake area; to develop loach and eel breeding industry mainly in Nanchang, Jinxian, Yugan, Poyang, Xinjian, Xin’gan, Dongxiang, Yujiang, Suichuan, etc.; to develop the featured mountain area fishery mainly in 8 counties (cities, districts) including Yihuang, Longhushan, Jiujiang, Shangrao, Guangfeng, Xinzhou, Ganxian, Shangyou; to develop the featured low-lying farmland (idle in winters) and fishery-eligible farmland breeding industry in the 18 counties (cities, districts) in the Poyang Lake Rim; to develop the aquarium fishery and recreational fishery in suburbs and tourism destinations.
To build the north Jiangxi modern recreational agriculture demonstration area, focusing on Nanchang, Jiujiang and Ganjiang New Area with 22 counties/cities/districts under their administration; to build the northeast Jiangxi sightseeing agriculture resort, focusing on Shangrao, Yingtan, Jingdezhen with 19 counties/cities/districts under their administration; to build the west Jiangxi green agriculture healthcare area in Yichun, Xinyu and Pingxiang with 17 counties/cities/districts under their administration; to build the central Jiangxi farmer-student culture exploration area, focusing on Ji’an and Fuzhou with 24 counties/cities/districts under their administration; to build the south Jiangxi Hakkas traditions experience area, focusing on Ganzhou with 18 counties/cities/districts under its administration.
IV. Major Directions and Target Regions in Investment Promotion
In accordance with the agricultural supply-side structural reform and under the guidance of industrial planning, to arrange project design, packing and promotion in efforts to introduce major high-tech and environmentally-friendly modern agriculture projects with long industrial chains as well as produce deep-processing giants with strong driving force, so as to consistently enhance development potentials.
Firstly the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries. In accordance with the 9 Major Programs of agricultural restructuring, to introduce a number of produce deep-processing projects and supporting projects, to facilitate construction of a number of green produce bases, to foster a number of industry leaders and giants offering great cooperation opportunities and driving forces, to foster a number of well-known brand names of agricultural produce and build a number of highly-competent and highly-concentrated agricultural clusters.
Secondly the modern agricultural parks. In accordance with regional characteristics and integrating advantaged resources and support from all sides, to build around 300 modern agricultural parks by the end of 13th Five-year Plan period. To build a number of modern agriculture demonstration parks with introduction of investment, so as to motivate the green development of Jiangxi’s agriculture.
Thirdly the technological innovation in agriculture. To support and encourage investors to invest on high-tech projects, building quality seed cultivation bases, agricultural produce processing bases, agricultural machinery (crop protection) equipment bases, smart agriculture bases, innovation agricultural bases as well as biological pesticide and vet drug R&D centers, which would be demonstrated and promoted to enhance benefit of agriculture development in an all-round way through technological innovations in agriculture.
Fourthly new agricultural patterns. On the one hand, with the beautiful rural scenery, to focus on introduction of rural sightseeing and recreation projects integrating agricultural production, recreation and vacationing, healthcare and farmer-reader culture and foster a number of recreational agriculture compound; on the other hand, with the smart agriculture “123+N” platform, to further improve produce quality and safety traceability system, to vigorously develop new business patterns including agricultural produce e-business, to introduce a number of agricultural produce cold-chain logistics projects in efforts to build modern agricultural produce distribution system.
Mainly target on domestic areas including Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta and southeast Fujian Delta, focusing on Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan, etc.; and overseas countries and regions along the Belt and Road, focusing on Japan, ROK and southeast Asia.
V. Major Policies and Measures in Investment Promotion
In September 2015, Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee and Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Opinions on Accelerating the Transformation of Agriculture Development Mode and Building Modern and Well-developed Agriculture(Ganfa 15) and released new requirements in the overall planning and development goals, tasks, challenges and guarantee measures for the development of modern agriculture in Jiangxi.
In April 2016, Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Opinions on the 10 Major Programs Promoting Green Agriculture(Ganfutingfa17) and clarifies directions for building up brand names of green agriculture, building green and ecological agriculture in an all-round way and building up the Jiangxi Model of green and ecological agriculture.
In March 2017, Office of Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Opinions on Further Accelerating the Construction of Modern Agriculture Demonstration Park(Ganfutingfa14) and proposed operation ideas, development goals, main tasks and guarantee measures of building modern agriculture demonstration parks.
In July 2017, Office of Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Implementation Opinions on Further Supporting Rural Startups and Innovation Initiatives and Promoting the Integrated Development of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Industries in Rural Areas (Ganfutingfa 17) and proposed the key fields to support, service content, preferential policies and guarantee measures.
In July 2017, Office of Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Implementation Opinions on Further Promoting the Development of Agricultural Produce Processing Industry (Ganfutingfa 40) and proposed the general requirement, main goals, development directions and preferential policies for the development of agricultural produce processing industry.
In December 2017, Jiangxi Provincial People's Government issued Notice on Accelerating the Agricultural Restructuring Planning (Ganfuzi 96) and proposed Jiangxi would implement the 9 major agricultural produce programs for quality rice, vegetables, fruits, tea, Chinese medical herbs, livestock, aquatic products, recreational agriculture and oil-tea, intensify efforts in fostering of a series of featured brands and products, optimize and restructure agriculture and improve the quality and benefits of agricultural development.
VI. Contact Information
Jiangxi Provincial Rural Undertakings Development Bureau, 0791-86212625
Foreign Investment Promotion Division, Department of Commerce of Jiangxi Province, 0791-86246322;
Bureau of Investment Promotion of Nanchang, 0791-83883510;
Bureau of Commerce of Jiujiang, 0792-8131115;
Bureau of Commerce of Jingdezhen, 0798-8586881;
Bureau of Commerce of Pingxiang, 0799-6333155;
Bureau of Commerce of Xinyu, 0790-6452800;
Bureau of Commerce of Yingtan, 0701-6431781;
Bureau of Commerce of Ganzhou, 0797-8196152;
Bureau of Commerce of Yichun, 0795-3221910;
Bureau of Commerce of Shangrao,0793-8303106;
Bureau of Commerce of Ji’an, 0796-8222020;
Bureau of Commerce of Fuzhou, 0794-8295025.
(Source: Department of Commerce of Jiangxi Province)
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