Participants visit the exhibition hall at the fourth Belt and Road Summit in Hong Kong, south China, Sept. 11, 2019. Around 5,000 people from across the globe attended the fourth Belt and Road Summit that opened here Wednesday to explore new opportunities over the Belt and Road Initiative. Co-organized by China's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) government and the Hong Kong Trade Development Council, the two-day meeting gathered more than 80 government officials and business leaders from China and other countries along the the Belt and Road to share the latest developments related to the initiative. (Xinhua/Lu Hanxin)
Countries of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)
As of March 2020, the number of countries that have joined the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with China is 138.
The countries of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) are spread across all continents:
38 countries are in Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Rep., Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
34 BRI countries are in Europe & Central Asia (including 18 countries of the European Union (EU) that are part of the BRI)
Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
25 BRI countries are in East Asia & pacific
Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, South Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Micronesia, Fed. Sts., Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam
17 BRI countries in Middle East & North Africa
18 BRI countries are in Latin America & Caribbean
Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
6 countries are in South East Asia
For some countries that are listed as having signed an MoU for the BRI, the availability of independent information is contradictory. For example, the seven countries of Austria, Benin, Comoros, Congo D.R., Dominica, Niger and Russian Federation have not published a confirmation of signing a full MoU or even denied it. These countries are listed as "null" in the following map of countries of the Belt and Road Initiative.
The high-level meeting of the Second Beltand Road Forum for International Cooperation is held in Beijing, capital of China, April 26, 2019. (Xinhua/Chen Yehua)
About the Belt and Road Initiative
The Belt and Road Initiative is the abbreviation of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the twenty-first Century Maritime Silk Road (abbreviated BRI). BRI is a development initiative that focuses on connectivity and cooperation among countries. It consists of two main components, the land-based "Silk Road Economic Belt" and oceangoing "21st-century Maritime Silk Road ".